The International Journal of Ecopsychology (IJE)



Since the beginning of the XX Century, it exists as anti-Spanish propaganda, a stable narrative promoted since the XVI Century: The black legend (Leyenda Negra). This is one of the main reasons why, frequently, the Spanish pensamiento has been reconstructed in a half-hazard and incomplete manner. Paradoxically, this is the result of a past with high relevancy, developing as it did as imperial Catholic culture, integrating and civilizing different peoples as humanly and morally equals. More deservedly, a modern sense of a “self,” rightfully examined, is the idea of a “self” created by the School of Salamanca (see also The Spanish Universalist School) during the course of the thinking behind and resolution of the problem encountered in the new world; that is, the meeting of Europeans and the American Indians, the full recognition of “the other” as “oneself”—as equals, as souls. This is due to the integration of peoples made possible by miscegenation (mestizaje) and the concomitant development of ideas about human and judicial rights.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.