Graduation Date

Fall 2023

Document Type



Master of Science degree with a major in Kinesiology, option Exercise Science

Committee Chair Name

Taylor Bloedon

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

David Adams

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Third Committee Member Name

Amber Gaffney

Third Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Subject Categories



A good coach can change a game. A great coach can change a life. There are a variety of different coaching styles all over the world. Each coaching style has its benefits and drawbacks on the impact it can have on an athlete. The study examined how coaching leadership style impacts an athlete's confidence, motivation, and satisfaction. Current collegiate athletes and former collegiate athletes were emailed a 103-question online survey focused on athlete perception of coaching style and how that impacts motivation, confidence, and satisfaction. The survey used The Leadership Scale for Sports (LSS), Vealey’s Trait Sport-Confidence Inventory (TSCI), Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ), and Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ-2). Results showed that more athletes in the CCAA experienced an authoritarian coaching style (M=102.75, SD=4.55), secondly democratic coaching style (M=101.38, SD=12.86), and the least number of athletes were coached under a coach with a laissez-faire style (M=105.20, SD=8.84). There was no significant difference in the type of coaching style an athlete participated under and their level of confidence or motivation. There was a main effect on coaching leadership style and athlete level of satisfaction (p=0.030). Democratic coaching style had the most favorable satisfaction level. In sports teams with a diverse group of members, including managers, coaches, and athletes, leadership comes in different styles. Effective leadership has the power to boost confidence, inspire motivation, and create an atmosphere of satisfaction in sports.

Citation Style




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