Graduation Date

Summer 2023

Document Type



Master of Science degree with a major in Kinesiology, option Exercise Science

Committee Chair Name

Dr. David Adams

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

Dr. Rock Braithwaite

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Third Committee Member Name

Dr. Christopher Hopper

Third Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff


Physical activity, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, Off-task behaviors, Physical education

Subject Categories



Researchers have reported that exercise has had positive results on decreasing many behaviors for children with ADHD. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of a structured physical education program for students in grades K-4 with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on academic performance. This study utilized a single subject withdrawal design. Four participants attending a special day class in grades K-4 in Northern California participated in this study. Results of this study demonstrated that 30 minutes of structured physical activity had a positive impact on decreasing the number of off-task behaviors for all four of the participants. Future teachers and researchers working with students with ADHD should consider incorporating structured and consistent physical activity into their student’s daily routines.

Citation Style


Included in

Kinesiology Commons


Thesis/Project Location


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