Graduation Date

Spring 2023

Document Type



Master of Science degree with a major in Kinesiology, option Teaching/Coaching

Committee Chair Name

Rock Braithwaite

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

Jill Anderson

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Third Committee Member Name

David Adams

Third Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Subject Categories



The purpose of this meta-analysis is to examine the effect of brain breaks on academic performance and in-class behaviors in the K-12 educational setting. Also, to conduct subgroup (moderator) analyzes to determine if Brain Breaks were more effective for specific (school and student) population characteristics. Standard meta-analytical procedures were used to determine inclusion criteria, article searches in electronic databases, coding procedures, and statistical methods to synthesize data. Moderator and outcome variables were assessed using coding procedures to understand if Brain Breaks were effective or not. The brain break interventions researched in this study have shown to produce variable results in subgroup analyses that range from ineffective to strong overall effects

Citation Style



Thesis/Project Location