Graduation Date

Fall 2022

Document Type



Master of Science degree with a major in Kinesiology, option Teaching/Coaching

Committee Chair Name

Rock Braithwaite

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

Jill Anderson

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Third Committee Member Name

Christopher Hopper

Third Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Fourth Committee Member Name

Whitney Ogle

Fourth Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Subject Categories



BACKGROUND: Integrated physical activity in the classroom has been shown to affect K-12 students’ development positively. Students of all abilities benefit from multimodality learning. PURPOSE: This study investigates the relationship between classroom brain breaks and school-aged students' classroom behaviors. METHODS: The Meta-analysis search process consisted of 3 Phases: (1) Screen the titles, (2) Screen the abstracts, and (3) Retrieve the Full Text. Literature searches were conducted in eight electronic academic journal databases: SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Cochrane Database, Web of Science/Web of Knowledge, ProQuest, Child Development and Adolescent Studies, and ERIC. Students (N) are enrolled in schools serving students from kindergarten through twelfth grade. RESULTS: The overall effect that brain breaks provided across all outcomes was small (k = 56, g = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.22, 0.50, P < 0.001) with large prediction intervals for each of the category outcomes that suggest a large degree of variability. CONCLUSIONS: Future research should consider the methods used to implement brain breaks by following specified guidelines that produce positive results for the intended outcomes being studied.

Citation Style