Graduation Date

Spring 2022

Document Type



Master of Science degree with a major in Kinesiology, option Teaching/Coaching

Committee Chair Name

David Adams

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

Jill Anderson

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Third Committee Member Name

Chris Hopper

Third Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff


Adapted physical education, Gross motor skills, Kinesiology, Down syndrome, Video based instruction, Visual feedback

Subject Categories



The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of video based instruction combined with immediate visual feedback on the performance of three different gross motor skills for children with Down Syndrome (DS). The participants in this study are two children with DS. They were selected for this study based upon these qualifying factors: enrolled in a moderate/severe special day class, enrolled in a title one school, have Down syndrome and displayed deficits in gross motor abilities based upon the administration of the Total Gross Motor Development-3 (TGMD-3) assessment. The research design is a multiple baseline design where three areas of concern are evaluated. These areas included skipping, overhand throw and underhand roll. The results of the study showed that in order for video modeling to be effective, multiple opportunities to view the video needed to present to participants. Video based modeling was combined with immediate visual feedback. The participants made minimal progress in the areas of overhand throw and underhand roll but the participants did not improve in the area of skipping. The participants' motor patterns and performance of skipping were identical to another indicating a correlation to DS. This research shows that video based instruction is often more effective when paired with other evidence based practices.

Citation Style



Thesis/Project Location


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