Graduation Date

Fall 2021

Document Type



Master of Science degree with a major in Natural Resources, option Wildlife

Committee Chair Name

Dr. Micaela Szykman Gunther

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

Dr. Ho Yi Wan

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Third Committee Member Name

Dr. James W. Cain III

Third Committee Member Affiliation

Community Member or Outside Professional

Subject Categories



Elucidating factors influencing home range size are fundamental relationships that can be described for any wildlife species, particularly those of conservation concern. The Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) is an endangered sub-species of the gray wolf whose home range patterns have not yet been studied. I estimated home range sizes for 22 Mexican wolf packs using Brownian Bridge Movement Models (95% UD). Generalized linear mixed effect models were used to evaluate environmental and social variables across four timeframes. Annual home range size was inversely related to human density and tree cover. During the denning period, home range was inversely related to litter size and increased with pack size. Post denning home range was inversely related to ungulate biomass and positively related to pack size. During the non-denning season, home range was inversely correlated with snow depth. Results found herein both confirm as well as deviate from results found in other wolf populations, notably, the inverse correlation with pack size at the annual scale, but positive correlation at seasonal timeframes. The opposite relationships with home range and pack size, and the significance of ungulate biomass at the seasonal scale but not the annual scale demonstrates the importance of evaluating factors influencing home range using a multiscale approach as home range size may be differentially influenced by the same variable across timescales. Thus, future home range studies should use a multiscale approach to discern relevant factors for species across timeframes of interest.

Citation Style



Thesis/Project Location