Graduation Date

Summer 2020

Document Type



Master of Arts degree with a major in Education

Committee Chair Name

Dr. Tom Cook

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

Dr. John Lee

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Subject Categories



This research study investigates how Chinese language teachers in California made the change from in-person learning to distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, how they set up and taught virtual classes and what their reactions were to the online transitions. Teachers utilized various interactive tools and strategies to teach students in their virtual classrooms. Parental involvement with the child’s education at home increased. Some public school district polices caused greater reductions in student participation than others. Teachers applied various communication strategies to engage students in creative ways while teaching online. This together with curriculum development and assessment design required that teachers adapt them to the new teaching environment. Teachers' reactions toward the transition are described in this research. Some expressed it as difficult, others mentioned it as easy. Teachers indicated that students’ participation rates changed during the transition. This research used a questionnaire and one-on-one interviews to understand how Chinese language teachers switched from in-person classes to online learning. A link to the online survey was sent to K-16 Chinese language teachers in California. The one-on-one interviews were conducted on Zoom. One-hundred-sixteen teachers participated in the study. One-hundred-sixteen questionnaires were collected and twenty in-depth interviews were conducted.

Citation Style


Ren_Jing_IRB Approval Memo.pdf (226 kB)
IRB approval memo