Graduation Date

Spring 2019

Document Type



Master of Science degree with a major in Kinesiology, option Teaching/Coaching

Committee Chair Name

Jill Pawlowski

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

Chris Hopper

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Third Committee Member Name

Enrique Esparza

Third Committee Member Affiliation

Community Member or Outside Professional

Subject Categories

International Development Technology


This case study examines the effect of group-based and individual-based physical activity participation on mood in individuals with disabilities. The participant was age 14 during the study and diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The participant engaged in individual and group based physical activities as part of a one week adapted physical activity program. Mood states were reported using the Intellectual Disability Mood Scale [IDMS] (Argus, Terry, Bramston, & Dinsdale, 2004), which is adapted from the Profile of Mood States [POMS] (Droppleman, Lorr, & McNair, 1992). The participant exhibited the iceberg profile - characterized by above average mood scores in Vigor and below average mood scores in Tension, Depression, Confusion, Angery, and Fatigue. A participant exhibiting the iceberg profile is indicative of positive mental health (Rowley, Landers, Kyllo, & Etnier, 1995). Results from pre- and post- intervention data was compared and showed no significant changes in mood scores following intervention. There were also no significant differences in mood scores between individual and group activity interventions. No significant evidence was found that supports individual-based or group-based interventions at improving mood states in the participant with ASD.

Citation Style



Thesis/Project Location