Graduation Date

Fall 2018

Document Type



Master of Arts degree with a major in Education

Committee Chair Name

Dr. Eric Van Duzer

Committee Chair Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Second Committee Member Name

Dr. David Adams

Second Committee Member Affiliation

HSU Faculty or Staff

Subject Categories



Trauma informed care is a growing trend present today in multiple organizations and institutions. There are a variety of methods, theories, and interventions currently being employed that directly relate to trauma and a trauma informed care approach. This study investigates those trauma and trauma informed care practices to better understand which work, under what conditions, and which ones do not. The information gathered will help to provide a foundation for a sustainable trauma informed care system and approach.

This was a qualitative study utilizing interviews and questionnaires to reveal trauma informed care best practices. Five participants with varying degrees of expertise in Trauma Informed Care were chosen at random in order to investigate their best practices for implementing trauma informed care within a secondary education setting. When the interviews were concluded, the most common themes that a-rose were physical and psychological safety, trustworthiness and transparency, peer support, collaboration and mutuality, empowerment, voice and choice, cultural and historical backgrounds, environmental effects, and governance and leadership. Practices that reflect those themes were reported to be the most effective for a trauma informed care approach by the participants.

The themes that arose in this study generally reflected those laid out in the literature. There was a relation between the themes uncovered and the practices used. It appeared that the data was then analyzed to determine which specific practices are associated with each theme in order to get a better understanding of the way each is used in the classroom in order to gain the most benefit and success from a trauma informed care approach.

Citation Style